Friday 30 April 2021

A Spring walk on the bog

 What's happening on Islay peatlands just now?

INHT has started its rounds on the breeding bird surveys, we have been contracted to undertake of the SAC sites adopted by ACT/CANN (Argyll countryside Trust & Collaborative Action for Natura Networks).  This gives me a great opportunity to escape the computer and emails and get out and see what stage nature is at in the season.  



It also provides an opportunity to inspire people to start exploring Islay and Jura peatlands and engage with our Community Peatlands Project either through picking up a copy of our Peatland Passport or get you cameras and pencils out and capture what peatland means to you for our photo and poetry competition.

 
Cast Northern Eggar moth cocoon

Our migrant birds may have only just started piling in, however our resident breeders  have been busy since the end of March.  On the bogs, waders are on territory around peatland pools, Redshank, Lapwing and a few Dunlin.  I saw the first newly hatched duckling chicks of Mallard.  A joy not to be missed is the bubbling, fluty notes of the Skylark ascending skywards into the blue expanse above.
Bleached hummock of Sphagnum capilifolium

 I like to keep note of the state of the flora, a much better marker for the season.  Despite a very sunny month, it has been tinged with cool, even chilly winds for the most part.  Most significantly for our bog/peatland habitats no rain!  Peatlands thrive on high air moisture and high rainfall to keep the peat wet, and overcast conditions to prevent too much evaporation, which is something we cannot claim for this past month.

 

Sphagnum cuspidatum in the edge of a dubh loch


This was sadly evident walking the bog this week, each footstep heard with a rustle and a crunch of dry parched vegetation.  Where the Sphagnums should have been soft and full of colour they are bleached from the sun and form a dry crust, particularly on the hummock forms that cannot draw moisture up so easily from deeper layers of peat. The small sphagnum pools which should have been under water were empty with a slight moist layer of Sphagnum cuspidatum, those in the edges of the dubh lochs moist and plump.  As a walker there were no dilemmas about which was the driest route or how to get over the wide soft squelchy bits without water going over my wellies!

 The drop in water levels was evident in the larger lochan pools with bare peat showing at the edges and deep overhangs which could make getting out difficult if you did not have wings.  I found one edge with many scrape marks made with 5 toed claws, obviously the sign of use by an otter.


 










 Amongst the dubh lochs however, the state of permanent wetness provides a buffer to the drying wind and sun.  The first of the bog bean is coming into bloom, such a pretty, lacy flower projecting from the dark pools.  This will be in flower for most of May.  Apart from this the only other flowers requiring the services of the large Buff-tailed Bumblebees at present were the isolated clumps of willow and a few Common Milkwort.

Bog Bean



















Male flowers of Willow (a dioecious plant, the male and female flowers are on separate plants)

 

Hare's-tail Cotton Grass
You can tell that the main form of pollination for these early flowers is by wind.  Hare's-tail Cotton Grass had already had its pollination period as all the single seed head stems were developing their fluffy white cotton tails.  Common Cotton Grass however was only just coming into 'flower', they differ in that multiple heads develop from the single stem, their yellow anthers dusted with pollen dangling ready for the wind to lift it and carry it in hope of being deposited on the stigma of another cotton grass head (what are the odds?.... quite slim, which is why vast amounts of pollen are produced by wind pollinated plants).  Also reliant on the wind are the Deer Grass (not actually a 'grass')
Common Cotton Grass head
with dangling male anthers
  it too was baring is pollen on its stiff bristly stems.  The cones of Bog Myrtle also need the wind, the deeply aromatic leaves net to sprout.
Common Cotton Grass
(female stigma at top of head)

Deer Grass (actually a sedge)
 

Cones of Bog Myrtle



Feur Lochain pools
The sunny day provided a stunning backdrop to a working walk, counting birds.  I watched the dark clouds skirt round the eastern hills, I assume depositing a light shower over the area of Port Ellen and the Oa.

Bog bean stems stretching out of the pools
 



Peatland Passport

Get out and explore for yourselves, pick up your Peat Passport at the Blue Letterbox (Port Ellen); Bowmore Post Office; Museum of Islay Life (Port Charlotte); Jura Community Shop.  Tick off the animals and plants that you see and get your pages stamped.  There is much useful information and a quick and easy guide to what to see on the moss.  



The Islay Nature Centre will be open mid May with more information on peatlands and other nature treasures on our islands.

Information on our Peatland Photo & Poetry Competition 2021

Islay and Jura Community Peatland Project 

Peatland Photo & Poetry Competition

We have now launched our summer competition, what does peatland mean to you?  We would like you to capture it in photo or verse (English or Gaelic) and enter into our competition.  It will be open to entries until July 31st 2021.  We have well known photographers Laurie Campbell and Brian Mathews and Donald Murray (Author) as judges for our competition.  Laurie has given us a talk to help inspire the photographers out there and Donald will be giving a talk on the 10th June to inspire you poets to write some verses on peatland.

We have categories to suit all age ranges and great prizes, donated from various local businesses and organisations.

Laurie will also pick out his favourite photo, the winner receiving a signed print of one of his photos. Jura Distiller has donated a prize for the overall poem.

Selection of runner up prizes given at the discretion of the judges.

Competiton Details below:

Two themes:

Environment and Wildlife          Work and Culture

 

Two forms of entry:

Photo                                              Poetry


Entry categories:

Photo

(Env & Wildlife)

Photo

(Work/Culture)

Poetry

(Env & Wildlife)

Poetry

(Work/Culture)

Poetry -Gaelic

(any catergory)

Adult

Adult

Adult (eng)

Adult (eng)

Adult (Gaelic)

Child 13-18

Child 13-18

Child 13-18 (eng)

Child 13-18 (eng)

Child 13-18 (Gaelic)

Child 10-12

Child 10-12

Child 10-12 (eng)

Child 10-12 (eng)

Child 10-12 (Gaelic)

Child 7-9

Child 7-9

Child 7-9 (eng)

Child 7-9 (eng)

Child 7-9 (Gaelic)

 

Planned prizes given to the best entry in each category and age group (children)

Adult prizes - £35 cash/voucher from sponsor: Islay Whisky Academy and Port Charlotte Hotel

Block of peat

mini peat cutting trophy





Children's Photography prizes:

£10 cash/voucher from sponsor Islay Studios

block of peat

Mini trophy 

 

Children's Poetry prizes:

£10 cash/voucher from sponsor; Celtic House

block of peat

Mini trophy  

 

Gaelic Poetry prizes

Equivalent values as above from Comunn na Gàidhlig


 


Peatland Poetry and Photo Competition rules:

Conditions of Entry

·         2 Categories may be entered (Environment and Wildlife; Work and Culture)

·         All photo entries must be submitted digitally via email with the title, category and name of the person submitting it in the file name (e.g. Golden Eagle- wildlife by Pete Banks)

·         Poetry entries may be digital of written, if the latter must ensure your entry is typed or very clearly written.  Please retain a copy of your work as it will not be possible to return all entries.
Entrants are permitted to enter up to 5 images to the competition across either category.
Image entry file size must be a jpg of medium to high resolution, not lower than 1MB nor exceed 6MB, and is recommended to be at least 1200 pixels on the longest length.
Images must be submitted by 10am, 31st July 2021.

·         Images may have been taken at any time previous to the closing date

·         Images must not include watermarks, borders, or signatures.
Black and white images are eligible for all categories.

Eligibility

·         The RHS Photographic Competition is open to all - apart from anyone associated with the competition including INHT employees, or trustee committee, funding partners and judges.
The entrant must be the original artwork creator and solely hold the copyright.
The image or poem must not have been previously published or entered in any other competition

·         It is the entrant’s responsibility to ensure that all necessary permissions are obtained from any person featured in a photograph.
Entrants for age categories must be between and under the age limit of the class on the day the competition closes.

Data protection

  • In entering the INHT Islay and Jura Community Peatland Project competition, you agree to the INHT using your details to process your application, only.
  • By entering, you also agree that if your work is shortlisted your details will be used alongside your artwork for promotion or public display in association with the project and competition only.

 Judging

 A panel of judges will be appointed by the INHT (drawn from the INHT committee and wider photography and poetry circles). Representatives of Bòrd na Gàidhlig will judge the Gaelic poetry entries.

  •  the judges will select a shortlist of entries from each category, these will tour as part of a display around the islands and be exhibited on our Peatland Facebook page.
  • The competition judges will then choose from the selected short listed entries, to select winners of each category in each class.  In addition, where considered appropriate by judges ‘highly commended’ and ‘commended’ will be awarded.
  • In the unlikely event the judges reserve the right not to make any award if, in their opinion, none of the entries meet the required standard.
    The decision of the judges is final and no correspondence will be entered into.

 Ethics

  • Digital adjustments that maintain the integrity of the image are allowed.
  • It is not permitted to make any major physical change to the image. You may not, for example add or remove any part of the images through digital manipulation of plants, objects, animals, people, landscapes.
  • Accepted digital adjustments include dodging and burning, changes to tone and contrast and cropping.
  • An image will be rejected if in the opinion of the judges it appears that the image has been taken in such a way that wildlife law or animal welfare may have been breached; protected species or habitats have been compromised; or the image has been otherwise taken in an irresponsible manner.

 Entry form details

 Include details with your entry:

  • Name and address
  • For children's classes: date of birth/ age on date of entry
  • School attended, if local
  • A telephone no.
  • An email address
  • The title of your work
  • Category entered

 


Friday 5 March 2021

Islay & Jura Community Peatland Project

                                                                                                                

 A Celebration of Peatland  
Our wonderful Peat and Bog 

We are delighted to announce that we have been awarded the contract from the CANN peatland initiative to deliver their community engagement work on peatlands, highlighting the importance of the work and investment already delivered on the Rinns. The project has engaged with land managers to improve peatland management and help combat Rhododendron encroachment, investing significantly on the island with financial input and training. We have previously benefited from contracts with CANN to survey the peatland sites they have been working on for birds and Marsh Fritillary butterflies.
 
Bog Bean flower

This community work will tap into our already developed activity provision and much of our emphasis in 2021 will now be peat related. It will also enable us to develop our activities to include delivery of identification courses for upland species and wider community activities. We will have a new display in the centre and will undertake some further outreach work taking a mobile display to other parts of the island which will both spread the understanding of the importance of peatland for climate, habitat and also enable us to advertise the centre and the work that the Trust engages with. You can engage and keep up to date on the project through our Islay & Jura Community Peatland Facebook page, for those who do not do FB we will endevour to provide updated via the blog.

Sphagnum identification courses

Marsh Fritillary on Marsh Thistle

I hope to develop a wider scope for this providing it as a concept for other local organisations to latch onto and bring many more areas of the community into the framework to deliver a wider celebration of the importance of Islay and its neighbours, in the global beneficial impact of peatland, Islay after all has about 60% of its area covered in peat. One of the main draws for engagement will be a Peatland Passport booklet for individual or family self exploration and a photography and literary competition to capture the importance and to celebrate all aspects of what our peatlands mean to us. So over the winter months think about how you would want to celebrate and take your camera on a walk into the hills and bogs. A display of the entries will tour the island as part of a mobile exhibition in late summer. We will also aim to take a range of activities into the schools and engage with the High School John Muir group who use Gaelic as their medium to investigate the extent of peat within the  culture and heritage of Islay. 

Quite often over the years, this has been what
peatland has meant to me - long periods of sitting
on hillsides watching for bird activity
 













 Fiona MacGillivray